How Masonry Buildings Resist Earthquakes Massena NY

Because masonry buildings usually have many structural wall elements, they tend to be stiff laterally. Because masonry buildings in Massena are stiff laterally, even moderate earthquakes can subject them to large shear loads at their base.

Local Companies

Wagner Masonry
(845) 252-7425
545 Skipperene Rd
Cochecton, NY
Genteel Home Enhancements Ltd
(585) 225-1070
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Shore General Cntrctng
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Verde & Son Contracting Inc
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254 Irving Ave
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Mystic Rays Tanning Salon
(315) 769-6474
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Seven Stars Construction Inc
(631) 451-1787

Medford, NY
Cruz Constr Co
(631) 728-5419
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D & L Masonry-Builders Inc
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Johnson Thomas Inc
(716) 662-4575
3566 N Buffalo St
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Provided By:

Source: Masonry Construction
Publication date: January 1, 1990

By Richard E. Klingner

How vulnerable are masonry buildings to earthquakes? How can they be designed to resist earthquakes?

HOW MASONRY BUILDINGS RESPOND

Because masonry buildings usually have many structural wall elements, they tend to be stiff laterally. Because masonry buildings are stiff laterally, even moderate earthquakes can subject them to large shear loads at their base.

For a typical masonry building, these shear loads can be calculated in the following way: Base shear load= (building mass) x (earthquake ground acceleration) x (dynamic amplification factor).

MASONRY SEISMIC DESIGN

Though even moderate ground accelerations can subject masonry buildings to large shear loads, masonry buildings can still be designed to resist these loads. In general, the designer must estimate the lateral inertial forces acting on each element and provide for the transfer of these forces down to the foundation.

INELASTIC RESPONSE OF MASONRY BUILDINGS

A masonry building's earthquake resistance has been described here as a function of wall layout, wall area, and wall strength. These characteristics are often sufficient. Enough wall area can often be provided so that even during a strong earthquake the building's walls remain basically elastic, without any yielding of reinforcement. However, architectural constraints may limit the wall area that can be provided.

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