Permeability is defined as the property that governs the rate of fluid flow through a porous solid (Ref. 1). The porosity of cement paste determines the permeability of concrete (Ref. 2). The water-cement ratio is one of the largest contributors to porosity development, but, on the whole, porosity is determined through chemical interaction.
Mayer Hardware, Inc
226 Winton Rd N
116 Saint Paul St Rochester, NY, 14604
HARMCO FASTENER CO INC
428 State Street Rochester, NY, 14608
Abrasive Tool Corp
1555 Emerson Street
Kmart 3282 / Cross Merch
810 Paul Rd
Woodcraft - Rochester
ABC Supply Co.,Inc/Rochester
1450 Lyell Ave Rochester, NY, 14606
2856 West Henrietta Rd Rochester, NY, 14623
LOWE'S OF GREECE, NY
3150 WEST RIDGE ROAD ROCHESTER, NY, 14626
The Home Depot
770 Jefferson Road
Data Provided by:
Source: THE CONCRETE PRODUCER/CONCRETE JOURNAL MAGAZINE
Publication date: March 1, 2001
Question: A customer has asked us to include fibers in the mix design for a water retention tank. The idea is that the fibers will reduce the permeability of the concrete. Is that true?
Answer: There are really two responses here. The first defines permeability, and the second determines how fibers affect permeability.
Permeability is defined as the property that governs the rate of fluid flow through a porous solid (Ref. 1). The porosity of cement paste determines the permeability of concrete (Ref. 2). The water-cement ratio is one of the largest contributors to porosity development, but, on the whole, porosity is determined through chemical interaction. Since the fibers themselves are chemically inert and have no interaction with cementitious reactions, it is not possible for the fibers to decrease the permeability of concrete.
However, this is not to say that fluid will not flow through the concrete at a different rate when fibers are present. In a simple sense, fibers are small, flexible aggregates. As such, they create a small matrix of aggregates within the larger concrete matrix. If moisture flows through concrete via the cement paste, then the fibers create a more tortuous path. The more tortuous the path, the longer it takes the water takes to traverse it.
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