Effects of Nicotine on Brain Development Ossining NY

Researchers have found that nicotine, the addictive component in cigarettes, "tricks" the brain into creating memory associations between environmental cues and smoking behavior. This could help explain why former smokers miss lighting up when they are in a bar or after a meal.

Local Companies

Thomas Lansen
(914) 948-6688
244 Westchester Ave
White Plains, NY
ELLIOT LERNER, MD
(201) 445-8822
20 Franklin Turnpike
Waldwick, NJ
MAMTA MODHWADIA, MD
(914) 997-5724
21 Bloomingdale Road
White Plains, NY
Tej Preet Singh, MD
Scarsdale, NY
Allan L Rothman, MD
914-941-0788
325 S Highland Ave
Briarcliff Manor, NY
Bridget Patterson-Marshall
(203) 359-4556
1425 Bedford St
Stamford, CT
Stephen Klass, MD
(914) 636-4418
421 Huguenot St
New Rochelle, NY
VALERIA SERBAN, MD
(845) 858-8800
257 Lafayette Avenue
Suffern, NY
Augustine Carmine Romano, MD
Yonkers, NY
David Todd Ober, MD
845-353-4344
2 Crosfield Ave Ste 302
West Nyack, NY
Data Provided by:
      

Provided By:

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers have found that nicotine, the addictive component in cigarettes, "tricks" the brain into creating memory associations between environmental cues and smoking behavior. This could help explain why former smokers miss lighting up when they are in a bar or after a meal.

The findings from researchers at Baylor College of Medicine are in the Sept. 10 issue of the journal Neuron.

"Our brains normally make these associations between things that support our existence and environmental cues so that we conduct behaviors leading to successful lives. The brain sends a reward signal when we act in a way that contributes to our well being," study co-author Dr. John A. Dani, professor of neuroscience at BCM said in a college news release. "However, nicotine commandeers this subconscious learning process in the brain so we begin to behave as though smoking is a positive action."

Dani said that environmental events linked with smoking can become cues that prompt the smoking urge. Those cues could include alcohol, a meal with friends or even the drive home from work.

Dani and Dr. Jianrong Tang, instructor of neuroscience at BCM and co-author of the report, recorded the brain activity of mice as they were exposed to nicotine.

The mice were allowed to roam through an apparatus with two compartments. In one compartment, they received nicotine. In the other, they got a saline solution. The researchers recorded how long the mice spent in each compartment and brain activity within the hippocampus, an area of the brain that creates new memories.

"The brain activity change was just amazing," Dani said. "Compared to injections of saline, nicotine strengthened neuronal connections -- sometimes up to 200 percent. This strengthening of connections underlies new memory formation."

Dani said understanding mechanisms that create memory could have implications in future research and treatments for memory disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, and for dopamine signaling disorders, such as Parkinson's disease.

More information

The National Institutes of Health has more information on nicotine here.

SOURCE: Baylor College of Medicine, news release, Sept. 9, 2009

Copyright © 2009 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.

Read Article at HealthDay.com

Related Articles
- Benefits of Krill Oil Ossining NY
Krill are one of the most abundant animal species on the planet which provides great health for all of us. Krill oil contains vitamin E, vitamin A, vitamin D and canthaxanthin which is a powerful anti-oxidant. The anti-oxidant quality of krill oil is such that when compared to fish oil in terms of Oxygen radical absorptance capacity values it was found to be 48 times more powerful than fish oil.
- DHA for Increasing Cognitive Skills in Infants Ossining NY
- Nicotine Addiction Ossining NY
- Stop Smoking Aids Ossining NY
- Quitting Smoking Tips Ossining NY
- Anxiety Disorders Ossining NY
- Omega-3 Benefits and Effects Ossining NY
- Quit Smoking Aids Ossining NY
- Protein and Brain Circuitry Ossining NY
- Dangers of Underage Drinking Ossining NY