What Foods Are Carbohydrates?Author: Rando Meresmaa
Eating the right amount of carbohydrates is very important because carbohydrates are the more efficient fuel source for the body. It is also very important to eat the quality carbohydrates because not all carbohydrates are the same.About the Author:
There are simple and complex carbohydrates, starchy and fibrous carbohydrates, refined and natural carbohydrates, high-glycemic and low-glycemic carbohydrates. Some of these carbohydrates are good and some are bad. Bad carbohydrates have a greater potential for fat storage, they are nutritionally void and rob you of energy. Good carbohydrates on the other hand will supply you with energy and nutrients and help you get leaner and more muscular.
Carbohydrates are considered simple or complex and both types contain four calories per gram. Both are also digested into a blood sugar called glucose, which is then used to fuel our bodies for work or exercise. Simple carbohydrates consist of a single sugar molecule (monosaccharide) or two single sugar molecules linked together (disaccharide).
Many simple carbohydrates contain refined sugars and few essential vitamins and minerals. simple carbohydrates are digested very quickly and they cause a rapid rise in blood sugar. When there is too much blood sugar in your body then the body produces insulin. The insulin quickly clears the glucose from the bloodstream, leading to a sharp drop in blood sugar known as hypoglycemia. Low blood sugar is accompanied by cravings, hunger, weakness, mood swings and decreased energy. It is very important to have a steady blood sugar levels if you want to lose fat. The over-secretion of insulin activates fat storage enzymes and promotes the movement of triglycerides (fat) in the bloodstream into fat cells for storage.
Complex carbohydrates take longer to digest and are usually packed with fibre, vitamins and minerals. Examples are vegetables, breads, cereals, legumes and pasta. There are two types of complex carbohydrates: Starchy and fibrous.
Starchy carbohydrates are associated with a much lower rise in blood sugar. They are also digested much more slowly and tend to reach the small intestine before being completely digested. They also seem to help the body more readily absorb minerals and tend to keep one feeling full for longer periods of time. Starchy carbohydrates are found in potatoes, cereals, grains, bread, pasta, rice, oats, wheat and beans.
Fiber gives bulk to the intestinal contents, promotes healthy digestion and elimination, speeds the transit time of food through the digestive tract and provides protection from gastrointestinal diseases and
colon cancer. Fiber also plays a major role in a reducing body fat. The reason is because fibrous carbohydrates such as green vegetables don't contain many calories. Low calorie density foods are very important for fat loss because they make it easier to stay full without going over your calorie limits.
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